PetCare Veterinary Clinic Rustington

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You and Your Pet

Kitten Care

Congratulations on acquiring your new kitten! We have gathered some information that we hope you will find useful. If you have any specific enquires not covered by these documents, please feel free to telephone the surgery and ask for advice.

Vaccinations

An initial vaccination course consists of two doses given three to four weeks apart. This should be started from an age of 9 weeks. Protection is not immediate and newly vaccinated kittens should not mix with unvaccinated cats for at least 14 days. We advise routine vaccination against Feline Flu, Infectious Enteritis, Chlamydia, and The Feline Leukaemia Virus (FeLV). FeLV is now the most infectious killer of cats in the U.K. and vaccination is advocated for all cats that go outside. Booster vaccination is required yearly after the initial course.

Worming

We recommend worming kittens every 4 weeks until 3 months old with Panacur granules or paste given over a 3-day period. This provides the best possible treatment for Roundworms, which every kitten picks up when they suckle from their mother. This is important as Roundworms can cause ill thrift, and diarrhoea as well as posing a potential risk to children. The first dose of adult wormer - DRONTAL CAT- should be given 1 month after the last dose of Panacur, and every 3 months thereafter, for life. This is the safest and most effective all-in-one wormer, for Roundworms and Tapeworms. New spot on multi wormers for cats who don’t like tablets are now available, please ask our Veterinary Surgeons for more information.

Fleas

Due to central heating, fleas are now a year round problem. 95% of fleas affecting your cat come from flea eggs in your house and not from outside as is commonly believed - an effective flea control programme therefore means treating your house as well as your cat. Our Veterinary Surgeons will be happy to recommend the most effective and safest products and advise you of the best combination for your specific problem. Treatment will be as a 4-5 weekly application (depending on the product advised) and is available as spot-on or pump action sprays. For long-term control of fleas in the environment, we recommend R.I.P Fleas household spray.

Neutering

Tomcats

All male cats should be neutered at 5 to 6 months old. This is a routine operation, which requires a general anaesthetic and a stay with us for a day. Neutering is essential to prevent roaming and unwanted kittens. Entire tomcats are more likely to be involved in fights and accidents, often requiring veterinary attention. Neutering reduces the chance of your cat spraying urine in the house to mark his territory.

Queens

Female cats have regular seasons throughout the spring and summer and can become pregnant at a young age. Repeated motherhood not only produces unwanted kittens but also is also bad for your cat's health. We recommend neutering queens at 5 - 6 months of age, before they run the risk of pregnancy. This involves a general anaesthetic and a stay with us for the day.

Dental Care and Diet

Dental disease affects 85% of cats over 3 years old, causing pain and infection as well as tooth loss. The situation is worse in cats fed only on soft foods as this encourages the build up of plaque and tartar. You can help prevent this build up by feeding a good quality food. Our nurses can advise you or suitable diets available. Beware of cheaper dried foods as they often contain high salt levels (a cheap flavour enhancer) and can cause bladder and kidney problems. Home dental care is as important in cats as it is in us. Ideally, we should clean their teeth daily and it is much easier to start this when they are young.

Insurance

For veterinary Fees

Medicines are becoming increasingly expensive and we like to make extensive use of laboratory investigations and referral services when needed. These services can be costly and we strongly recommend insurance cover for veterinary fees. Various levels of cover are available depending on the policy and the company.

Against Loss

A collar and nametag can be used, but they can be lost or removed. The only way to permanently and uniquely identify your new kitten is with a microchip implant. This is inserted by a quick injection under the skin between the shoulder blades. Each chip has a unique number, which is recorded on a central database. All major animal shelters and vets have scanners to read these microchips and all stray cats are scanned before re-homing. Please ask at reception for further details.